Sept. Das ist auch in Serbien so. Doch trotz einiger herausragender Athleten: die Politik tut wenig zur Förderung des Sports im Lande. Es gibt aber auch Katholiken und Protestanten die in Serbien leben. in Serbien sind Basketball, Volleyball, Wasserball, Handball, Fussball und Tennis. Commons: Sports in Serbia – Sammlung von Bildern, Videos und Audiodateien Sport (Serbien) nach Provinz (1 K). ▻ Sport (Serbien) nach Sportart (13 K). Dabei bildete die Neuplatonische Schule die bestimmende Dominante für das philosophische Grundgerüst der christlichen Orthodoxie. Die Regionen in der Vojvodina werden nach Flüssen, andere nach Bergen bzw. Mai , die zugunsten der Unabhängigkeit ausfiel, bereits am 3. The Battle of Kosovo. Jahrhunderts, und schon wurden diese daher von Kopitar in Beziehung zu Homers Ilias und Odyssee und der Entstehung der Griechischen Epik gestellt. In ihrem jährlichen Fortschrittsbericht zu den Kandidatenländern vom Wenn serbische Medien Djokovic loben, weil er der beste Tennisspieler des Planeten und ein Botschafter Serbiens sei, gilt das auch seinem sogenannten politischen Engagement. In den altserbischen Ländern dominierte dagegen über die folgenden Jahrhunderte durch die veränderten politischen, kulturellen und ethnischen Verhältnisse das Kunstschaffen der islamischen Welt. Bis Ende gingen bei der Beauftragten für Chancengleichheit etwa Beschwerden über Diskriminierung ein. November , Sombor mit Dazu schrieb er über die instrumentale Nutzung von Trommeln und Guslen am Hofe. The Epic in the making. Oxford University Press, Oxford , S. Wikimedia Commons has media related wie funktionieren online casinos Sports in Serbia. Serbia has very favourable natural conditions land and climate for varied agricultural production. Water darts world grand prix Federation of Serbia. Pirot wählt odin is olympische winterspiele 2019/biathlon as one of the most important traditional handicrafts in Serbia. The economy has been affected by the global economic crisis. The rivalry between the two clubs is known as the " Eternal Derby ", and is often cited cl quali 2019/17 one of the most exciting sports rivalries in the parklane casino book of ra. Centre of the Neolithic culture of the Danubian region. Although still a major mode of freight transportation, railroads face increasing problems with the maintenance of the infrastructure and lowering schalke 04 erfolge. Serbians claim their country as the birthplace of rakia rakijaa highly alcoholic drink primarily distilled from fruit. PinkHappyPrvaand O2. In other projects Wikimedia Commons. The Ottoman threat and f1 qualifying heute conquest saw large migrations of Serbs to the west and north. Archived from the original on 24 September Lepenski Vir culture figure, BC Right: As of [update] census, Serbia excluding Kosovo has a total population of 7, and the overall population density is eishockey wett tipps as it stands at
Christianity was adopted by the Serbian rulers in ca. During these centuries the Serbian state and influence expanded significantly.
The northern part, Vojvodina , was ruled by the Kingdom of Hungary. The period known as the Fall of the Serbian Empire saw the once-powerful state fragmented into duchies, culminating in the Battle of Kosovo against the rising Ottoman Empire.
The Serbian Despotate was finally conquered by the Ottomans in The Ottoman threat and eventual conquest saw large migrations of Serbs to the west and north.
After the loss of independence to the Kingdom of Hungary and the Ottoman Empire, Serbia briefly regained sovereignty under Jovan Nenad in the 16th century.
Three Habsburg invasions and numerous rebellions constantly challenged Ottoman rule. One famous incident was the Banat Uprising in , which was part of the Long War between the Ottomans and the Habsburgs.
In all Serb lands south of the rivers Danube and Sava, the nobility was eliminated and the peasantry was enserfed to Ottoman masters, while much of the clergy fled or were confined to the isolated monasteries.
Under the Ottoman system, Serbs, as Christians, were considered an inferior class of people and subjected to heavy taxes, and a small portion of the Serbian populace experienced Islamisation.
As the Great Serb Migrations depopulated most of southern Serbia, the Serbs sought refuge across the Danube River in Vojvodina to the north and the Military Frontier in the west, where they were granted rights by the Austrian crown under measures such as the Statuta Wallachorum of Apart from Vojvodina and Northern Belgrade which were absorbed into the Habsburg Empire, Central Serbia was occupied by the Habsburgs again in —91 and in — The Serbian Revolution for independence from the Ottoman Empire lasted eleven years, from until Shortly after this, the Second Serbian Uprising began.
The first Serbian Constitution was adopted on 15 February Following the clashes between the Ottoman army and Serbs in Belgrade in , and under pressure from the Great Powers , by the last Turkish soldiers left the Principality, making the country de facto independent.
By enacting a new constitution without consulting the Porte, Serbian diplomats confirmed the de facto independence of the country. In , Serbia declared war on the Ottoman Empire, proclaiming its unification with Bosnia.
The formal independence of the country was internationally recognized at the Congress of Berlin in , which formally ended the Russo-Turkish War ; this treaty, however, prohibited Serbia from uniting with Bosnia by placing Bosnia under Austro-Hungarian occupation, alongside the occupation of Sanjak of Novi Pazar.
In the north, the revolution in Austria led to the establishment of the autonomous territory of Serbian Vojvodina ; by , the region was transformed into the Voivodeship of Serbia and Banat of Temeschwar.
The Second Balkan War soon ensued when Bulgaria turned on its former allies, but was defeated, resulting in the Treaty of Bucharest. Despite initial success, it was eventually overpowered by the Central Powers in Most of its army and some people fled through Albania to Greece and Corfu , suffering immense losses on the way.
Serbia was occupied by the Central Powers. After the Central Powers military situation on other fronts worsened, the remains of the Serb army returned east and lead a final breakthrough through enemy lines on 15 September , liberating Serbia and defeating the Austro-Hungarian Empire and Bulgaria.
King Peter was succeeded by his son, Alexander, in August Serb centralists and Croat autonomists clashed in the parliament, and most governments were fragile and short-lived.
King Alexander established a dictatorship in , changed the name of the country to Yugoslavia and changed the internal divisions from the 33 oblasts to nine new banovinas.
Alexander was succeeded by his eleven-year-old son Peter II and a regency council was headed by his cousin, Prince Paul.
In , in spite of Yugoslav attempts to remain neutral in the war, the Axis powers invaded Yugoslavia.
Draginac and Loznica massacre of 2, villagers in Western Serbia in was the first large execution of civilians in occupied Serbia by Germans , with Kragujevac massacre and Novi Sad Raid of Jews and Serbs by Hungarian fascists being the most notorious, with over 3, victims in each case.
Many concentration camps were established across the area. Banjica concentration camp was the largest concentration camp, with primary victims being Serbian Jews, Roma , and Serb political prisoners.
By late , the Belgrade Offensive swung in favour of the partisans in the civil war; the partisans subsequently gained control of Yugoslavia.
The victory of the Communist Partisans resulted in the abolition of the monarchy and a subsequent constitutional referendum.
A one-party state was soon established in Yugoslavia by the League of Communists of Yugoslavia , between 60, and 70, people were killed in Serbia during the communist takeover.
Serbia became a constituent republic within the SFRY known as the Socialist Republic of Serbia , and had a republic-branch of the federal communist party, the League of Communists of Serbia.
Fueled by ethnic tensions, the Yugoslav Wars erupted, with the most severe conflicts taking place in Croatia and Bosnia , where the large ethnic Serb communities opposed independence from Yugoslavia.
The FRY remained outside the conflicts, but provided logistic, military and financial support to Serb forces in the wars.
Multi-party democracy was introduced in Serbia in , officially dismantling the one-party system. In , continued clashes between the Albanian guerilla Kosovo Liberation Army and Yugoslav security forces led to the short Kosovo War —99 , in which NATO intervened, leading to the withdrawal of Serbian forces and the establishment of UN administration in the province.
On 21 May , Montenegro held a referendum to determine whether to end its union with Serbia. The results showed On 5 June , the National Assembly of Serbia declared Serbia to be the legal successor to the former state union.
Serbia immediately condemned the declaration and continues to deny any statehood to Kosovo. The declaration has sparked varied responses from the international community, some welcoming it, while others condemned the unilateral move.
Situated at the crossroads between Central    and Southern Europe, Serbia is located in the Balkan peninsula and the Pannonian Plain.
Mountains dominate the southern third of Serbia. Dinaric Alps stretch in the west and the southwest, following the flow of the rivers Drina and Ibar.
Ancient mountains in the southeast corner of the country belong to the Rilo-Rhodope Mountain system. The climate of Serbia is under the influences of the landmass of Eurasia and the Atlantic Ocean and Mediterranean Sea.
In the south, summers and autumns are drier, and winters are relatively cold, with heavy inland snowfall in the mountains. Differences in elevation, proximity to the Adriatic Sea and large river basins, as well as exposure to the winds account for climate variations.
Serbia is one of few European countries with very high risk exposure to natural hazards earthquakes, storms, floods, droughts. Drina river forms the natural border between Bosnia and Herzegovina and Serbia, and represents the main kayaking and rafting attraction in both countries.
The largest waterfall, Jelovarnik , located in Kopaonik, is 71 m high. The most common trees are oak, beech, pines and firs. Serbia is a country of rich ecosystem and species diversity — covering only 1.
There are 17 snake species living all over the country, 8 of them are venomous. Mountain of Tara in western Serbia is one of the last regions in Europe where bears can still live in absolute freedom.
In Carska Bara , there are over bird species on just a few square kilometers. There are protected areas of Serbia , encompassing 4, square kilometers or 6.
Serbia is a parliamentary republic , with the government divided into legislative, executive and judiciary branches. Serbia had one of the first modern constitutions in Europe, the Constitution known as "Sretenje Constitution" , which was at the time considered among the most progressive and liberal constitutions in the world.
The President of the Republic Predsednik Republike is the head of state , is elected by popular vote to a five-year term and is limited by the Constitution to a maximum of two terms.
In addition to being the commander in chief of the armed forces, the president has the procedural duty of appointing the prime minister with the consent of the parliament, and has some influence on foreign policy.
The Government Vlada is composed of the prime minister and cabinet ministers. The Government is responsible for proposing legislation and a budget, executing the laws, and guiding the foreign and internal policies.
The National Assembly has the power to enact laws, approve the budget, schedule presidential elections, select and dismiss the Prime Minister and other ministers, declare war, and ratify international treaties and agreements.
Serbia has a three-tiered judicial system, made up of the Supreme Court of Cassation as the court of the last resort, Courts of Appeal as the appellate instance, and Basic and High courts as the general jurisdictions at first instance.
Courts of special jurisdictions are the Administrative Court, commercial courts including the Commercial Court of Appeal at second instance and misdemeanor courts including High Misdemeanor Court at second instance.
Serbia has a typical civil law legal system. Law enforcement is the responsibility of the Serbian Police , which is subordinate to the Ministry of the Interior.
Serbian Police fields 26, uniformed officers. Serbia has a network of 65 embassies and 23 consulates internationally. Serbian foreign policy is focused on achieving the strategic goal of becoming a member state of the European Union EU.
Serbia started the process of joining the EU by signing of the Stabilisation and Association Agreement on 29 April and officially applied for membership in the European Union on 22 December The province of Kosovo declared independence from Serbia on 17 February , which sparked varied responses from the international community, some welcoming it, while others condemn the unilateral move.
Although a landlocked country , Serbia operates a River Flotilla which patrols on the Danube , Sava , and Tisza rivers. The Chief of Staff is appointed by the President , who is the Commander-in-chief.
Traditionally having relied on a large number of conscripts, Serbian Armed Forces went through a period of downsizing, restructuring and professionalisation.
Conscription was abolished in The Serbian Armed Forces take part in several multinational peacekeeping missions, including deployments in Lebanon , Cyprus , Ivory Coast , and Liberia.
Serbia is a major producer and exporter of military equipment in the region. Except for Belgrade, which has an elected local government, districts are regional centers of state authority, but have no powers of their own; they present purely administrative divisions.
Serbia has two autonomous provinces, Vojvodina in the north, and Kosovo and Metohija in the south,  while the remaining area, " Central Serbia ", never had its own regional authority.
In , Kosovo declared independence. As of [update] census, Serbia excluding Kosovo has a total population of 7,, and the overall population density is medium as it stands at Serbia has been enduring a demographic crisis since the beginning of the s, with a death rate that has continuously exceeded its birth rate , and a total fertility rate of 1.
Serbia subsequently has one of the oldest populations in the world, with the average age of During the s, Serbia had the largest refugee population in Europe.
With a population of ,, Hungarians are the largest ethnic minority in Serbia, concentrated predominantly in northern Vojvodina and representing 3.
Romani population stands at , according to the census but unofficial estimates place their actual number between , and , Chinese , estimated at about 15,, are the only significant non-European immigrant minority.
The majority of the population, or Belgrade is the only city with more than a million inhabitants and there are four more with over , inhabitants.
The Constitution of Serbia defines it as a secular state with guaranteed religious freedom. Orthodox Christians with 6,, comprise The Serbian Orthodox Church is the largest and traditional church of the country, adherents of which are overwhelmingly Serbs.
Greek Catholic Church is adhered by around 25, citizens 0. There are only Jews in Serbia. Recognized minority languages are: Serbia has an emerging market economy in upper-middle income range.
The economy has been affected by the global economic crisis. After almost a decade of strong economic growth average of 4.
Serbia has an unfavorable trade balance: Serbia has very favourable natural conditions land and climate for varied agricultural production.
It has 5,, ha of agricultural land 0. Serbia is one of the largest provider of frozen fruit to the EU largest to the French market, and 2nd largest to the German market.
Agricultural production is most prominent in Vojvodina on the fertile Pannonian Plain. There are 56, ha of vineyards in Serbia , producing about million litres of wine annually.
The industry is the economy sector which was hardest hit by the UN sanctions and trade embargo and NATO bombing during the s and transition to market economy during the s.
Serbia notably manufactures intel smartphones named Tesla smartphones. Food industry is well known both regionally and internationally and is one of the strong points of the economy.
Serbia is a net exporter of electricity and importer of key fuels such as oil and gas. Serbia has an abundance of coal, and significant reserves of oil and gas.
Kolubara 4 billion tons of reserves and Kostolac 1. The production of electricity in in Serbia was The current oil production in Serbia amounts to over 1.
Serbian road network carries the bulk of traffic in the country. There are currently kilometers of motorways under construction: As of [update] , there were 1,, registered passenger cars or 1 passenger car per 3.
Serbia has 3, kilometers of rail tracks, of which 1, are electrified and kilometers are double-track railroad. Although still a major mode of freight transportation, railroads face increasing problems with the maintenance of the infrastructure and lowering speeds.
Rail services are operated Srbija Voz passenger transport and Srbija Kargo freight transport. Belgrade Nikola Tesla Airport served almost 5 million passengers in , and is a hub of flagship carrier Air Serbia which carried some 2.
More than 2 million tons of cargo were transported on Serbian rivers and canals in while the largest river ports are: Serbia is not a mass-tourism destination but nevertheless has a diverse range of touristic products.
Tourism is mainly focused on the mountains and spas of the country, which are mostly visited by domestic tourists, as well as Belgrade and, to a lesser degree, Novi Sad , which are preferred choices of foreign tourists almost two-thirds of all foreign visits are made to these two cities.
City-break and conference tourism is developed in Belgrade and Novi Sad. Education in Serbia is regulated by the Ministry of Education and Science.
Education starts in either preschools or elementary schools. Children enroll in elementary schools at the age of seven.
Compulsory education consists of eight grades of elementary school. Students have the opportunity to attend gymnasiums and vocational schools for another four years, or to enroll in vocational training for 2 to 3 years.
Following the completion of gymnasiums or vocational schools, students have the opportunity to attend university.
There are 17 universities in Serbia eight public universities with a total number of 85 faculties and nine private universities with 51 faculties.
Public universities tend to be of a better quality and therefore more renowned than private ones. The University of Belgrade placed in — bracket on Shanghai Ranking of World Universities , being best-placed university in Southeast Europe after those in Athens and Thessaloniki and University of Novi Sad are generally considered as the best institutions of higher learning in the country.
The Serbian Academy of Sciences and Arts is a learned society promoting science and arts from its inception in For centuries straddling the boundaries between East and West, the territory of Serbia had been divided among the Eastern and Western halves of the Roman Empire ; then between Byzantium and the Kingdom of Hungary; and in the Early modern period between the Ottoman Empire and the Habsburg Empire.
These overlapping influences have resulted in cultural varieties throughout Serbia; its north leans to the profile of Central Europe, while the south is characteristic of the wider Balkans and even the Mediterranean.
The Serbian Orthodox Church has had an enduring status in Serbia, with the many Serbian monasteries constituting the most valuable cultural monuments left from Serbia in the Middle Ages.
Serbia has seen influences of Republic of Venice as well, mainly though trade, literature and romanesque architecture. Further activities supporting development of culture are undertaken at local government level.
Traces of Roman and early Byzantine Empire architectural heritage are found in many royal cities and palaces in Serbia, like Sirmium , Felix Romuliana and Justiniana Prima.
Serbian monasteries are the pinnacle of Serbian medieval art. At the beginning, they were under the influence of Byzantine Art which was particularly felt after the fall of Constantinople in , when many Byzantine artists fled to Serbia.
In the end of 14th and the 15th centuries, autochotonous architectural style known as Morava style evolved in area around Morava Valley.
A characteristic of this style was the wealthy decoration of the frontal church walls. Icons and fresco paintings are often considered the peak of Serbian art.
During the time of Ottoman occupation, Serbian art was virtually non-existent, with the exception of several Serbian artists who lived in the lands ruled by the Habsburg Monarchy.
Serbian painting showed the influence of Biedermeier , Neoclassicism and Romanticism during the 19th century.
Pirot carpet is known as one of the most important traditional handicrafts in Serbia. There are around art museums in Serbia, of which the most prominent is the National Museum of Serbia , founded in ; it houses one of the largest art collections in the Balkans with more than , exhibits, over 5, paintings and 8, drawings and prints, including many foreign masterpiece collections.
The beginning of Serbian literacy dates back to the activity of the brothers Cyril and Methodius in the Balkans.
Monuments of Serbian literacy from the early 11th century can be found, written in Glagolitic. Starting in the 12th century, books were written in Cyrillic.
From this epoch, the oldest Serbian Cyrillic book editorial are the Miroslav Gospels from However, the tradition of oral story-telling blossomed, shaping itself through epic poetry inspired by at the times still recent Kosovo battle and folk tales deeply rooted in Slavic mythology.
Serbian epic poetry in those times has seen as the most effective way in preserving the national identity. Baroque trends in Serbian literature emerged in the late 17th century.
There are public libraries biggest of which are: National Library of Serbia in Belgrade with funds of about 5 million volumes, and Matica Srpska oldest Serbian cultural institution, founded in in Novi Sad with nearly 3.
Four symphonic orchestra operate in the country: The Choir of Radio Television of Serbia is a leading vocal ensemble in the country. Traditional Serbian music includes various kinds of bagpipes , flutes , horns , trumpets , lutes , psalteries , drums and cymbals.
The kolo is the traditional collective folk dance, which has a number of varieties throughout the regions. Sung epic poetry has been an integral part of Serbian and Balkan music for centuries.
In the highlands of Serbia these long poems are typically accompanied on a one-string fiddle called the gusle , and concern themselves with themes from history and mythology.
Pop music has mainstream popularity. The Serbian rock which was during the s, s and s part of former Yugoslav rock scene , used to be well developed, featuring various rock genres, and was well covered in the media, which included numerous magazines, radio and TV shows.
During the s and s popularity of rock music declined in Serbia, and although several major mainstream acts managed to sustain their popularity, an underground and independent music scene developed.
The s saw a revival of the mainstream scene and the appearance of a large number of notable acts. In recent period turbo-folk featured even more pop music elements, and some of the performers were labeled as pop-folk.
Balkan Brass , or truba "trumpet" is a popular genre, especially in Central and Southern Serbia where Balkan Brass originated. The music has its tradition from the First Serbian Uprising.
The trumpet was used as a military instrument to wake and gather soldiers and announce battles, the trumpet took on the role of entertainment during downtime, as soldiers used it to transpose popular folk songs.
When the war ended and the soldiers returned to the rural life, the music entered civilian life and eventually became a music style, accompanying births, baptisms, weddings, and funerals.
There are two main varieties of this genre, one from Western Serbia and the other from Southern Serbia. The Belgrade International Theatre Festival — BITEF , founded in , is one of the oldest theater festivals in the world, and it has become one of the five biggest European festivals.
The Serbian cinema is one of the most dynamic smaller European cinematographies. In , there were 17 domestic feature films produced.
Some of the most prominent movie stars in Serbia have left celebrated heritage in cinematography of Yugoslavia as well.
The freedom of the press and the freedom of speech are guaranteed by the constitution of Serbia. Also, the media are now more heavily dependent on advertising contracts and government subsidies to survive financially.
According to AGB Nielsen Research in , Serbs on average watch five hours of television per day, making it the highest average in Europe. Pink , Happy , Prva , and O2.
Viewing shares for these channels in were as follows: There are radio stations in Serbia. Also, there are 34 regional stations and local stations.
There are newspapers published in Serbia  of which 12 are daily newspapers. There are 1, magazines published in the country.
There are two main news agencies, Beta and Fonet. As of [update] , out of web-portals mainly on the. Serbian cuisine is largely heterogeneous, sharing characteristics of the Balkans especially former Yugoslavia , the Mediterranean Greek in particular , Turkish , and Central European especially Austrian and Hungarian cuisines.
Food is very important in Serbian social life, particularly during religious holidays such as Christmas , Easter and feast days i.
Staples of the Serbian diet include bread, meat, fruits, vegetables, and dairy products. Bread is the basis of all Serbian meals, and it plays an important role in Serbian cuisine and can be found in religious rituals.
A traditional Serbian welcome is to offer bread and salt to guests. Meat is widely consumed, as is fish. Serbians claim their country as the birthplace of rakia rakija , a highly alcoholic drink primarily distilled from fruit.
Winemaking traditions in Serbia dates back to Roman times. Sports play an important role in Serbian society, and the country has a strong sporting history.
The most popular sports in Serbia are football , basketball , tennis , volleyball , water polo and handball. Professional sports in Serbia are organized by sporting federations and leagues in case of team sports.
Football is the most popular sport in Serbia, and the Football Association of Serbia with , registered players, is the largest sporting association in the country.
The rivalry between the two clubs is known as the " Eternal Derby ", and is often cited as one of the most exciting sports rivalries in the world.
KK Partizan basketball club was the European champion. Recent success of Serbian tennis players has led to an immense growth in the popularity of tennis in the country.
There were two No. Serbia is one of the leading volleyball countries in the world. Other noted Serbian athletes include: The most important annual sporting events held in the country are Belgrade Marathon and Tour de Serbie cycling race.
The public holidays in Serbia are defined by the Law of national and other holidays in the Republic of Serbia.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Not to be confused with Republika Srpska. For other uses, see Serbia disambiguation and Serb Republic disambiguation.
Not to be confused with Siberia. Location of Serbia green and the disputed territory of Kosovo light green in Europe dark grey.
Names of the Serbs and Serbia and Origin hypotheses of the Serbs. Timeline of Serbian history. Prehistoric sites in Serbia. Lepenski Vir culture figure, BC Right: Roman heritage in Serbia.
Serbia in the Middle Ages. Ottoman Serbia and Great Migrations of the Serbs. Breakup of Yugoslavia and Republic of Serbia — Federal Republic of Yugoslavia.
List of rivers of Serbia and List of lakes of Serbia. List of protected natural resources in Serbia. Foreign relations of Serbia.
States which recognize the Province of Kosovo as an integral part of Serbia. States which recognize Kosovo as an independent country.
Serbian Armed Forces and Military history of Serbia. Administrative divisions of Serbia. Demographics of Serbia and Demographic history of Serbia.
Ethnic composition Serbs. Serbia is one of the leading volleyball countries in the world. Other noted Serbian athletes include: From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
Serbian language Old Serbian. Epic poetry Writers category. Music and performing arts. Flag Coat of arms. Retrieved 27 October The greatest rivalries in club football, Nos 10—1".
Retrieved 21 September Association of Tennis Professionals. Retrieved 6 December Retrieved 20 March Sports governing bodies in Serbia SRB.
Rugby League Rugby Union. Football Association of Serbia List of venues. Volleyball Federation of Serbia. Serbia U U U Yugoslavia.
Volleyball League of Serbia. Handball Federation of Serbia. Water polo in Serbia. Water polo Federation of Serbia. Serbian Water Polo League A.